Category: transmitter


Long Range FM Transmitter 1

How to make a long range FM transmitter at low cost

Description

The use of transmitters which have a more powerful output than the ‘flea-power’ are sometimes required when there are many obstacles in the path of the surveillance transmitter and monitoring station receiver, or the distance between them is too far so as to make a low powered device feasible. Whereas a typical microtransmitter will produce an RF power in the order of just a few milliwatts, i.e. a few thousandths of a watt, the VHF-FM transmitter described has a power output of between around a half and 2 watts, depending on the power source, which may be anywhere between 6 volts and 30 volts d.c. The battery or batteries should be of the alkaline high power type, since the current drain will be found to be relatively higher when compared to microtransmitter current drain. The power output of this device is somewhat proportional to the current drain and so therefore both may be decreased by altering the value of R6 to a higher resistance, or a variable resistor with a value of around 1k may be introduced in series with the existing R6, so as to give a variable power output. The variable resistor must not be a wirewound device because this would act as an inductor which will cause feedback problems.The audio input to the power oscillator, which incidentally is formed by TR2 and associated components, is derived from a piezoelectric microphone which drives the simple audio frequency amplifier TR1. The input of the audio amplifier is controlled by the gain pot R1, which selects the correct amount of voltage that is generated by the piezoelectric microphone, then connects this signal to the base of audio amplifier TR1 via C7. It may be found that there is insufficient housing space for a bulky piezoelectric microphone, so with a slight modification to the circuit, it is possible to employ an electret microphone insert as shown. Since the RF field that is generated by this transmitter is relatively large, the problem of RF feedback may very well be encountered. This may be overcome by placing the transmitter inside a metal enclosure, keeping all internal wiring as short as possible and the aerial wire.

Component listing for 1 watt transmitter

Resistors Semiconductors R1 = 27k TR1 = BC547 R2 = 330k TR2 = 2N2219 fitted with heatsink R3 = 5k6 MIC = piezoelectric microphone R4, 5 = 10k R6 = 100R

L = 6 turns 22 gauge enamelled wire wound on 3⁄16″ former

Capacitors

C1, 2, 3, 8 = 330 pF C4 = 2–10 pF trimmer C5 = 4p7 C6 = 1 nF

C7,C8 = 40uF/25V Electrolytic

Circuit diagram for Long range FM Transmitter

indianengineer

indianengineer

Description

This is the circuit diagram of a radio transmitter suitable for fitting on radio collars.The circuit transmits a pulse in the FM between band 88MHz to 105Mhz , which can be adjusted.IC Ne 555 is wired as an astable multivibrator for producing the tone.L1 ,C3 and Q1 forms the modulator.Q2 performs the final power amplification.

Notes

For the inductor make 5 turns of .5 mm dia insulated copper wire on a standard ball pen refill.Remove the refill and make a tap at the center of coil.To vary transmission frequency experiment with number of turns.Carefull! what ever may be the no of turns the tap must be at center.Use a 50 Cm long insulated copper wire as antenna.

Parts List

R1…………………………………. 10K

R2 …………………………………1 M Ohm

R3 ………………………………….330 Ohm

R4 …………………………………..1 M Ohm

R5……………………………………. 330 Ohm

R6 ……………………………………200 Ohm POT

C1 ……………………………………..0.1 uF Ceramic

C2…………………………………….. 0.01 uF Ceramic

C3…………………………………….. 13 pF Ceramic

C4 ,C5, C6,C5 ……………………..0.01 uF Ceramic

Q1 ,Q2 ………………………………..2N4392 JFET

D1 ……………………………………….1N 914 Diode

IC 1……………………………………… NE 555

email freshersblog@gmail.com to get more details

email freshersblog@gmail.com to get more details

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